We can make many possible choices within each food group. Choices may be made to accentuate specific needs like fiber. For example, in the protein-rich 'meat' group, beans are a low fat, high fiber option compared to ground beef. In the fruit group, whole fruit is usually a higher fiber choice than fruit juice.
Foods containing important nutrients can help us prevent disease and even restore our health. Striking a balance between foods that promote health and those that may be risky is important for long term well being. Choose foods that are better for your health more often.
Without a doubt, fats and cholesterol are the single most important group of nutrients to limit in your diet if you want to reduce your risk of chronic disease. Heart disease and cancer, two of this nation's leading killers, are linked to diets high in fat. Other chronic health problems may be exacerbated by high fat diets. Saturated fat, that is, fat that is solid at room temperature, appears to carry the greatest amount of risk.
Alcohol is not pictured on the food pyramid, but if it were it would be in the tip of the pyramid. Alcohol has only empty calories in the way that sugar and most fats do. Pregnant women should avoid alcohol beverages.
Foods and beverages that are less nutritious do not have to be eliminated but they should be consumed in moderation - saved for special occasions. Making healthy food choices can be the difference between health and disease.