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It was developed to provide a broad array of comprehensive, population-based data to hospitals, community-based organizations, community health centers, public agencies, policymakers and the general public. Community Health Indicators were conceived as a follow-up to the 2002 Institute of Medicine report, The Future of the Public’s Health in the 21st Century, which emphasizes relying on data about the entire community to look at multiple determinants of health.

We encourage you to also visit the archived King County Aims High website, which includes not only health data, but other indicators across all King County agencies. Aims High was part of an effort to increase transparency and accountability in county government.


Each indicator presents tables, charts, and maps on King County trends and demographics, data for King County Health Reporting Areas and comparisons to U.S., State of Washington and the Healthy People 2020 Indicator, if available.

The complete range of this data is not available for every measure.

King County Hospital for a Healthier Community

King County Hospitals for a Healthier Community (HHC) is a collaborative of 12 hospitals and health systems in King County and Public Health – Seattle & King County. HHC members have joined forces to identify the most important health needs and assets in the communities they serve. As part of this effort, the KC HHC has supported the expansion of community health indicators.

Indicator and domain
Latest available data
Year
Overview: Age, gender, race/ethnicity, disability
Domain: Individual characteristics
--
--
Overview: Poverty, housing cost burden, homelessness, language, on-time graduation, foster care, refugee
Domain: Social/economic characteristics
--
--
Educational attainment (adults):
No high school degree
No Bachelor's degree
Domain: Social/economic characteristics
8% did not have a high school degree and 54% did not have a Bachelor's degree, King County adults 25 and older
2013
Foreign born
Domain: Social/economic characteristics
21.5% of the King County population
2013
Free/reduced price lunch
Domain: Social/economic characteristics
36% of students
2013-2014 school year
High housing cost burden (>30% income)
Domain: Social/economic characteristics
45% of renters and 34% of owners with a mortgage
2013
Languages spoken/limited English proficiency
Domain: Social/economic characteristics
26.4% of King County residents ages 5 and older speak a language other than English at home
2013
Median household income
Domain: Social/economic characteristics
$71,834
2013
Near poverty
Domain: Social/economic characteristics
25.4% were near poverty
2012
On-time graduation rate (high school)
Domain: Social/economic characteristics
78% of students
2012-2013 school year
Poverty
Domain: Social/economic characteristics
12.4% of King County residents
2013
Indicator and domain
Latest available data
Year
Life expectancy
Domain: Overall measures of mortality
81.7 years
2012
Years of health life
Domain: Overall measures of mortality
72.4
2008-2012
Years of potential life lost at 85
Domain: Overall measures of mortality
7753 years
2011
Top 10 leading causes of death
Domain: Leading causes of death
--
2008-2012
Cancer deaths
Domain: 10 leading causes of death
153.2 per 100,000 population
2012
Heart disease deaths
Domain: 10 leading causes of death
124.7 per 100,000 population
2012
Alzheimer's disease deaths
Domain: 10 leading causes of death
41.1 per 100,000 population
2012
Stroke deaths
Domain: 10 leading causes of death
29.3 per 100,000 population
2012
Unintentional injury deaths
Domain: 10 leading causes of death
32.1 deaths per 100,000, including 649 deaths
2012
Chronic lower respiratory disease deaths
Domain: 10 leading causes of death
30.8 per 100,000 population
2012
Diabetes deaths
Domain: 10 leading causes of death
19.3 per 100,000 population
2012
Suicide
Domain: 10 leading causes of death
13.2 deaths per 100,000 population
2012
Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis deaths
Domain: 10 leading causes of death
9.7 per 100,000 population
2012
Influenza/pneumonia deaths
Domain: 10 leading causes of death
8.7 per 100,000 population
2012
Indicator and domain
Latest available data
Year
Top 10 causes of hospitalizations
Domain: Chronic disease
--
 
Activity limitation (adults)
Domain: Chronic disease
21% of King County adults age 18+
2013
Fair or poor health (adults)
Domain: Chronic disease
11% of King County adults age 18+
2013
Asthma prevalence (adults)
Domain: Chronic disease
9% or about 142,700 King County adults age 18+
2013
Asthma hospitalizations (adults)
Domain: Chronic disease
41.6 per 100,000 ages 18+
2012
Asthma prevalence (children)
Domain: Chronic disease
5% of children age 0-17`
2013
Asthma hospitalizations (children)
Domain: Chronic disease
161.6 per 100,000 children ages 0-17
2012
Hypertension
Domain: Chronic disease
26% of King County adults 18+
2013
High blood cholesterol
Domain: Chronic disease
45% of men (35 and older) and 42% of women (45 and older)
2013
Heart attack prevalence
Domain: Chronic disease
4% of King County adults 18+
2013
Coronary heart disease prevalence
Domain: Chronic disease
3% of King County adults 18+
2013
Stroke prevalence
Domain: Chronic disease
2% of King County adults 18+
2013
Chronic respiratory disease (adults)
Domain: Chronic disease
4% of King County adults 18+
2013
Arthritis prevalence
Domain: Chronic disease
19% of King County adults 18+
2013
Diabetes prevalence (adults)
Domain: Chronic disease
6% or about 98,500 King County adults age 18+
2013
Diabetes prevalence (school-age)
Domain: Chronic disease
3% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th and 12th grades
2010
Diabetes-related hospitalizations
Domain: Chronic disease
82.0 per 100,000 population
2012
Diabetes-related deaths
Domain: Chronic disease
59.9 per 100,000 population
2012
Breast cancer deaths
Domain: Chronic disease
19.0 per 100,000 women
2012
Breast cancer incidence
Domain: Chronic disease
190.1 cases per 100,000 women
2011
Cervical cancer incidence
Domain: Chronic disease
6.0 cases per 100,000 women
2011
Colorectal cancer deaths
Domain: Chronic disease
12.0 per 100,000 population
2012
Colorectal cancer incidence
Domain: Chronic disease
35.6 cases per 100,000 population
2011
HIV/AIDS prevalence
Domain: Chronic disease
326.9 cases per 100,000 population
2013
HIV/AIDS deaths
Domain: Chronic disease
1.2 per 100,000 population
2012
Tuberculosis incidence
Domain: Chronic disease
coming soon
2010
Indicator and domain
Latest available data
Year
Map of assets in the community
Domain: Access to care
--
2014
Uninsured children
Domain: Access to care
4.9% of King County children age 0-17
2012
Uninsured (adults 18-64)
Domain: Access to care
16.4% of King County adults age 18-64
2012
Uninsured adults potentially eligible for insurance
Domain: Access to care
38% of adults with income <138% of FPL
2012
Adults with a usual primary care provider
Domain: Access to care
26% or about 396,200 King County adults age 18+
2013
Unmet health care needs due to cost (adults)
Domain: Access to care
14% or about 221,800 King County adults age 18+
2013
Adolescent wellness checkup
Domain: Access to care
68% of adolescents age 12-21
2012
Ratio of patient review and coordination (PRC) visits to emergency dept. visits
Domain: Access to care
0.25
2014
Percentage of patient review and coordination (PRC) patients with no care plan
Domain: Access to care
11% of PRC patients
2014
Dental checkup in last year (adults)
Domain: Oral health
29% or about 437,700 King County adults age 18+
2012
Dental checkup in the last year (school-age)
Domain: Oral health
17% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th and 12th grades
2012
Childhood cavities
Domain: Oral health
40% of screened children
2010
Colorectal cancer screening
Domain: Clinical preventive services
35% or about 185,300 King County adults age 50-75
2013
Flu vaccination (6-23 months)
Domain: Clinical preventive services
74% of King County children ages 6-23 did not have a flu shot
2014
TDaP and meningococcal vaccination (13-15 years)
Domain: Clinical preventive services
39% had incomplete series
2014
TDaP, meningococcal, HPV vaccination (females 13-15 years)
Domain: Clinical preventive services
75% had incomplete series
2014
Childhood immunization series (19-35 months)
Domain: Clinical preventive services
38% had incomplete series
2014
Flu vaccination (adults 18-64)
Domain: Clinical preventive services
63% of King County adults 18-64 did not receive a flu shot
2013
Flu vaccination (adults 65+)
Domain: Clinical preventive services
36% of King County adults 65+ did not receive a flu shot
2013
Pneumonia vaccination (adults 65+)
Domain: Clinical preventive services
28% of King County adults 65+
2013
Mammography recommendations
Domain: Clinical preventive services
22% of King County women ages 50-74 did not meet recommendations
2013
Cervical cancer screening guidelines (Pap)
Domain: Clinical preventive services
13% of King County women ages 21-65 did not meet recommendations
2012
Cholesterol screening guidelines (adults)
Domain: Clinical preventive services
12% of King County adults 35+ did not meet recommendations
2013
Preventable hospitalizations (adults):
Preventable hospitalizations for acute conditions
Preventable hospitalizations for chronic conditions
Overall preventable hospitalizations
Preventable hospitalizations, detailed table
Domain: Preventable hospitalizations and emergency dept. use
689.7 hospitalizations per 100,000 population ages 18 and older
2012
Indicator and domain
Latest available data
Year
Mean number of days kept from usual activities because of poor physical or mental health (adults)
Domain: General
2.3 days
2013
Mean number of days kept from usual activities because of poor physical or mental health (adults 65+)
Domain: General
2.2 days
2013
Frequent mental distress (adults)
Domain: Mental health
11% or about 167,000 King County adults age 18+
2013
Serious psychological distress (adults)
Domain: Mental health
4% or about 59,300 King County adults age 18+
Has depressive feelings (school-age)
Domain: Mental health
27% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th and 12th grades
2012
Alcohol impaired driving fatalities
Domain: Substance abuse and chemical dependency
1.0 per 100,000 population
2013
Alcohol, marijuana, painkiller or any illicit drug use in the past 30 days (school-age)
Domain: Substance abuse and chemical dependency
29% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th and 12th grades
2012
Alcohol-induced deaths
Domain: Substance abuse and chemical dependency
9.8 per 100,000 population
2012
Binge drinking (adults)
Domain: Substance abuse and chemical dependency
20% of King County adults 18+
2013
Binge drinking (school-age)
Domain: Substance abuse and chemical dependency
14% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th and 12th grades
2012
Drug-induced deaths
Domain: Substance abuse and chemical dependency
12.5 per 100,000 population
2012
Marijuana use (adults)
Domain: Substance abuse and chemical dependency
11% of King County adults 18+
2013
Marijuana use (school-age)
Domain: Substance abuse and chemical dependency
18% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th and 12th grades
2012
Households reading/telling stories to children
Domain: Well-being
69% of children aged birth to 5 years were read to or told stories every day
2011
Social support (adults)
Domain: Well-being
22% of King County adults age 18+ report no emotional support
2012
No adult to turn to for help (school-age)
Domain: Well-being
27% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th and 12th grades
2012
Indicator and domain
Latest available data
Year
Adolescent birth
Domain: Maternal and child health
6.3 per 1,000 females ages 15-17
2012
Adolescent pregnancy
Domain: Maternal and child health
11.9 per 1,000 females ages 15-17
2013
Breastfeeding initiation
Domain: Maternal and child health
96.6% of births
2013
Early and adequate prenatal care
Domain: Maternal and child health
71.1% of births
2012
Infant mortality
Domain: Maternal and child health
4.1 per 1,000 live births
2012
Late or no prenatal care
Domain: Maternal and child health
4.5% of births
2012
Low birthweight (all births)
Domain: Maternal and child health
6.3% of births
2012
Low birthweight (singleton)
Domain: Maternal and child health
4.7% of births
2012
Low-risk Cesarean delivery
Domain: Maternal and child health
27.7% of births to low-risk women
2013
Preterm birth
Domain: Maternal and child health
9.3% of births
2012
Smoking during pregnancy
Domain: Maternal and child health
3.7% of births
2012
Very low birthweight (all births)
Domain: Maternal and child health
1.0% of births
2012
Very low birthweight (singleton)
Domain: Maternal and child health
0.8% of births
2012
Indicator and domain
Latest available data
Year
Days per year with good or moderate air quality
Domain: Environmental quality
362 days in 2012
2012
Commuting to work by active transportation methods (walk, bike, public transit)
Domain: Transportation
Among workers age 16+, 11% used public transportation and 6% walked or biked
2012
Households with firearms
Domain: Safety
24% of King County households
2013
Weapon carried to school in the past 30 days
Domain: Safety
4% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th and 12th grades
2012
Not feeling safe at school
Domain: Safety
12% of King County youth attending public schools in the 6th, 8th, 10th and 12th grades
2012
Indicator and domain
Latest available data
Year
Overweight but not Obese (adults)
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
33% or about 506,400 King County adults age 18+
2013
Obese (adults)
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
22% or about 335,700 King County adults age 18+
2013
Physical activity recommendation not met (adults)
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
78% or about 1,194,000 King County adults age 18+
2013
Sedentariness (adults)
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
16% of King County adults age 18+
2013
Daily fruit and vegetable consumption (adults)
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
Fruit: 1.1 times daily Vegetable: 1.8 times daily
2013
Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption (adults)
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
63% of King County adults 18+
2010, 2012 combined
Overweight but not Obese (school-age)
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
12% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th and 12th grades
2012
Obese (school-age)
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
8% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th and 12th grades
2012
Physical activity recommendation not met (school-age)
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
79% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th and 12th grade
2012
Five fruits and vegetables daily (school-age)
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
73% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th and 12th grades did not eat 5 or more servings
2012
No breakfast today (school-age)
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
27% of King County youth attending public schools in the 6th, 8th, 10th and 12th grades did not eat breakfast today
2012
Excessive screen time
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
49% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th and 12th grades
2012
Physical activity recommendation not met, grade 6
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
72% of King County youth attending public schools in the 6th grade
2012
Daily school physical education (school-age)
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
72% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th and 12th grades
2012
Daily soda consumption (school-age)
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
27% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th and 12th grades
2012
Food insecurity
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
14% of King County adults 18+
2013
Residents who use local trails and parks
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
--
Access to farmers markets (external map)
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
--
Retail food environment index (map)
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
--
Supplemental nutrition assistance program stores and clients (map)
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
--
Healthy and unhealthy foods and adult obesity (map)
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
--
Access to parks (map)
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
--
Food desert status (map)
Domain: Obesity, physical activity, nutrition
--
Any tobacco use (school-age)
Domain: Tobacco
23% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th, and 12th grades.
2012
Cigarette smoking (school-age)
Domain: Tobacco
8% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th and 12th grades
2012
Current cigarette smoker (adults)
Domain: Tobacco
12% or about 182,500 King County adults age 18+
2013
E-cigarette or vape pen use (school-age)
Domain: Tobacco
14% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th and 12th grades
2014
Secondary smoke exposure at home (school-age)
Domain: Tobacco
23% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th,10th and 12th grades
2012
Smoke free parks, campuses, areas (map)
Domain: Tobacco
--
2014
Smokeless tobacco user (adults)
Domain: Tobacco
3% of King County adults 18+
2013
Indicator and domain
Latest available data
Year
Condom use (school-age)
Domain: Condom use
41% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th and 12th grade, who ever had sex, did not use a condom last time
2012
Chlamydia (adolescent and young adult females)
Domain: Communicable disease
2,340 cases per 100,000 females
2013
Gonorrhea
Domain: Communicable disease
coming soon
HIV incidence
Domain: Communicable disease
12.9 cases per 100,000 population
2013
Indicator and domain
Latest available data
Year
Assault hospitalizations
Domain: Intentional
21.4 hospitalizations per 100,000, including 430 admissions
2012
Exposure to violence (school-age)
Domain: Intentional
15% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th, and 12th grades
Firearms-related deaths
Domain: Intentional
7.9 per 100,000 population
2012
Homicide
Domain: Intentional
3 deaths per 100,000, including 60 deaths
2012
Intimate partner violence (school-age)
Domain: Intentional
7% of King County youth attending public schools in the 8th, 10th and 12th grades
2012
Suicide
Domain: Intentional
13.2 deaths per 100,000, including 269 deaths
2012
Suicide hospitalizations
Domain: Intentional
39.9 hospitalizations per 100,000, including 804 admissions
2012
Ever injured in fall (older adults)
Domain: Unintentional
11% of King County adults 45+
2012
Fall deaths
Domain: Unintentional
10.3 deaths per 100,000, including 203 deaths
2012
Fall deaths (older adults)
Domain: Unintentional
70 deaths per 100,000 adults ages 65+
2012
Fall hospitalizations
Domain: Unintentional
279.6 hospitalizations per 100,000, including 5,475 admissions
2012
Motor vehicle deaths
Domain: Unintentional
5.9 deaths per 100,000, including 116 deaths
2012
Motor vehicle injury hospitalizations
Domain: Unintentional
40.2 hospitalizations per 100,000, including 814 admissions
2012
Poisoning deaths
Domain: Unintentional
10.1 deaths per 100,000, including 214 deaths
2012
Poisoning hospitalizations
Domain: Unintentional
36.7 hospitalizations per 100,000, including 757 admissions
2012
Unintentional injuries among children
Domain: Unintentional
--
2008-2012
Unintentional injury deaths
Domain: Unintentional
32.1 deaths per 100,000, including 649 deaths
2012
Unintentional injury hospitalizations
Domain: Unintentional
502.6 hospitalizations per 100,000, including 9,989 admissions
2012